Sancti Spiritus - Nature

Tope de Collantes Sierra del Escambray. Topes de Collante, Sancti Spiritus. Cuba

The National Park “Topes de Collantes” belongs to the second highest mountain range in Cuba – the "Escambray". This paradise of natural beauty, of great botanical and ecological interest, is around 19 km (12 miles) from Trinidad. At 800 meters above sea level you will find many endemic plant and animal species here, including wild orchids and several species of butterflies, all surrounded by pine, teak, cedar, bamboo and eucalyptus trees. In addition, there are many birds and invertebrates. Go out on trails to see the local flora and fauna, swim in natural pools and waterfalls, and explore any of its several caves. If you want to escape the heat of the valley, this is the right place to be. The climate of the central mountain zone in Cuba has much cooler temperatures: lows of about 16 º C, highs of 25 °C and a relative humidity of 85%.

Caguanes National Park Yaguajay, Sancti Spiritus

The Caguanes National Park is located in the Northern region of the municipality of Yaguajay, constituted by Caguanes Cay, the Guayaberas Swamp and the islets compound called Piedra Cays. It is the perfect place for the ecotourism or adventure tourism lovers. It is the nucleus of the Buenavista Biosphere Preserve and it was declared Biosphere Reservation by the UNESO. Its cave system has over 37,730 feet (11,500 meters) of galleries in more than 35 grottoes and caves, which contain the largest expressions of rupestrian art in central Cuba.  In the Caguanes National Park there are also other ecosystems such as Manglares or Swamp. The first one is the refuge of countless land and marine fauna species. The second one is an ecosystem located in the center of the Southern limit of the park and is divided by an ecosystem of grassland and another one of bad drainage forest. One of the singular features of this national park is the group of stone formations called Piedra Cays, which are surrounded by the sea and have coastal cliffs, natural arches and sea niches that serve as refuges for many species of flora and fauna. The largest colonies of Sandhill Cranes (Grus canadensis nesiotes) in Cuba live in the Guayaberas Swamp.

Salto de Caburní Waterfall Topes Collantes, Sancti Spíritus

Salto de Caburní is an impressive waterfall that is at just a few kilometres away from Trinidad, inside Topes Collantes National Park and it is the distinctive symbol of the Escambray Trinitario. This waterfall is approximately 64 metres high and it springs among the rocks to end at a crystal-clear water puddle. After going through a path full of beautiful plants and different species of animals, we arrive in Salto de Caburní Waterfall. Daredevils love to jump from the top of the cascade. It is advisable to avoid visiting this incredible waterfall between march and may because the lack of water in this season won’t allow you to enjoy this area’s beauty at its fullest.

Topes de Collantes Topes de Collantes, Sancti Spiritus

The Topes de Collantes Natural Park is located in Escambray Mountain Range, which has a height of 800 meter above the sea level. The Pico San Juan is the highest one, with 1140 meters height. This paradise of natural beauty, of great botanical and ecological interest, is around 19 km from Trinidad. It counts with a natural protected beautiful landscape which also has a high scientific value for the botanic and the ecology, where inhabit numerous endemic species of the flora and fauna. One of the most visited attractions in Topes de Collantes is it spa. A touristic center for resting and health visited by patients who go looking for anti-stress treatments, rehabilitation, massages. Another of the most important actractions are hiking and mountaineering. The Salto del Carbuní is the most popular route among the visitors of the area, flowing through the café plantations for two and a half kilometers, watching traditional houses, cliffs and ending up in a beautiful waterfall. Another of the best-known ones it Vegas Grandes, which finishes in Salto de Soroa, a spectacular puddle where you can refresh yourself by the end of the tour.

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